Submitting items to 4S and Technoscience Updates
The monthly deadline for inclusion in the newsletter is the 15th.
A collection of STS news items, in the order submitted, including grants and awards, new books and other publications, and people news.
Updated: November 09 2017Description
Devised in the 1940s by the biologist C. H. Waddington, the epigenetic landscape is a metaphor for how gene regulation modulates cellular development. As a scientific model, it fell out of use in the late 1960s but returned at the beginning of the twenty-first century with the advent of big-data genomic research because of its utility among scientists across the life sciences to think more creatively about and to discuss genetics. In Epigenetic Landscapes Susan Merrill Squier follows the model’s cultural trail, from its first visualization by the artist John Piper to its use beyond science. Squier examines three cases in which the metaphor has been imaginatively deployed to illustrate complex systems that link scientific and cultural practices: graphic medicine, landscape architecture, and bioArt. Challenging reductive understandings of epigenetics, Squier boldly reclaims the broader significance of the epigenetic landscape as a figure at the nexus of art, design, and science.
About The Author(s)
Susan Merrill Squier is Brill Professor Emerita of Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies and English at Pennsylvania State University. Her many books include Communities of the Air: Radio Century, Radio Culture and Liminal Lives: Imagining the Human at the Frontiers of Biomedicine, both also published by Duke University Press; Poultry Science, Chicken Culture: A Partial Alphabet; and, as coauthor, Graphic Medicine Manifesto.
Updated: November 01 2017Meloni, M., J. Cromby, D. Fitzgerald, and S. Lloyd (2017) The Palgrave Handbook of Biology and Society. Palgrave Macmillan: New York and London. pp. 926
This comprehensive handbook synthesizes the often-fractured relationship between the study of biology and the study of society. Bringing together a compelling array of interdisciplinary contributions, the authors demonstrate how nuanced attention to both the biological and social sciences opens up novel perspectives upon some of the most significant sociological, anthropological, philosophical and biological questions of our era.
The six sections cover topics ranging from genomics and epigenetics, to neuroscience and psychology to social epidemiology and medicine. The authors collaboratively present state-of-the-art research and perspectives in some of the most intriguing areas of what can be called biosocial and biocultural approaches, demonstrating how quickly we are moving beyond the acrimonious debates that characterized the border between biology and society for most of the twentieth century.
This landmark volume will be an extremely valuable resource for scholars and practitioners in all areas of the social and biological sciences.
Updated: October 30 2017In Attachments to War, Jennifer Terry traces how biomedical logics entangle Americans in a perpetual state of war. Focusing on the Afghanistan and Iraq wars between 2002 and 2014, Terry identifies the presence of a biomedicine-war nexus in which new forms of wounding provoke the continual development of complex treatment, rehabilitation, and prosthetic technologies. At the same time, the U.S. military rationalizes violence and military occupation as necessary conditions for advancing medical knowledge and saving lives. Terry examines the treatment of war-generated polytrauma, postinjury bionic prosthetics design, and the development of defenses against infectious pathogens, showing how the interdependence between war and biomedicine is interwoven with neoliberal ideals of freedom, democracy, and prosperity. She also outlines the ways in which military-sponsored biomedicine relies on racialized logics that devalue the lives of Afghan and Iraqi citizens and U.S. veterans of color. Uncovering the mechanisms that attach all Americans to war and highlighting their embeddedness and institutionalization in everyday life via the government, media, biotechnology, finance, and higher education, Terry helps lay the foundation for a more meaningful opposition to war.
About The Author(s)
Jennifer Terry is Professor of Gender and Sexuality Studies at the University of California, Irvine, the author of An American Obsession: Science, Medicine, and Homosexuality in Modern Society, and coeditor of Processed Lives: Gender and Technology in Everyday Life and Deviant Bodies: Critical Perspectives on Difference in Science and Popular Culture.
Updated: October 16 2017Duke University Press is pleased to announce the publication of Life in the Age of Drone Warfare, edited by Lisa Parks and Caren Kaplan.
This interdisciplinary volume explores the historical, juridical, geopolitical, and cultural dimensions of drone technology and warfare, showing how drones generate ways of understanding the world, shape the ways lives are lived and ended on the ground, and operate within numerous mechanisms of militarized state power.
Updated: October 12 2017Edward Jones-Imhotep, The Unreliable Nation: Hostile Nature and Technological Failure in the Cold War (MIT Press, 2017) ISBN: 9780262036511.
Synopsis: Throughout the modern period, nations defined themselves through the relationship between nature and machines. Many cast themselves as a triumph of technology over the forces of climate, geography, and environment. Some, however, crafted a powerful alternative identity: they defined themselves not through the triumph of machines over nature, but through technological failures and the distinctive natural orders that caused them. In The Unreliable Nation, Edward Jones-Imhotep examines one instance in this larger history: the Cold War–era project to extend reliable radio communications to the remote and strategically sensitive Canadian North. He argues that, particularly at moments when countries viewed themselves as marginal or threatened, the identity of the modern nation emerged as a scientifically articulated relationship between distinctive natural phenomena and the problematic behaviors of complex groups of machines.
Drawing on previously unpublished archival documents and recently declassified materials, Jones-Imhotep shows how Canadian defense scientists elaborated a distinctive “Northern” natural order of violent ionospheric storms and auroral displays, and linked it to a “machinic order” of severe and widespread radio disruptions throughout the country. Tracking their efforts through scientific images, experimental satellites, clandestine maps, and machine architectures, he argues that these scientists naturalized Canada’s technological vulnerabilities as part of a program to reimagine the postwar nation. The real and potential failures of machines came to define Canada, its hostile Northern nature, its cultural anxieties, and its geo-political vulnerabilities during the early Cold War. Jones-Imhotep’s study illustrates the surprising role of technological failures in shaping contemporary understandings of both nature and nation.
About the Author: Edward Jones-Imhotep is Associate Professor of History at York University, in Toronto.
Updated: October 12 2017Population Genetics and Belonging: A Cultural Analysis of Genetic Ancestry, a new book by Venla Oikkonen (Palgrave Macmillan 2017)
Description: This book explores how human population genetics has emerged as a means of imagining and enacting belonging in contemporary society. Venla Oikkonen approaches population genetics as an evolving set of technological, material, narrative and affective practices, arguing that these practices are engaged in multiple forms of belonging that are often mutually contradictory. Considering scientific, popular and fictional texts, with several carefully selected case studies spanning three decades, the author traces shifts in the affective, material and gendered preconditions of population genetic visions of belonging. Topics encompass the debate about Mitochondrial Eve, ancient human DNA, temporality and nostalgia, commercial genetic ancestry tests, and tensions between continental and national genetic inheritance.
Updated: September 27 2017EDGI is producing a series of reports on the early days of the Trump administration. In these reports, EDGI authors systematically investigate topics including the historical precedents for Trump’s attack on the EPA, consequences for toxics regulation and environmental justice, the influence of the fossil fuel industry on the new administration, changes to the public presentation of climate science, and the new administration’s hostility to scientific research and evidence.
Series editors: Rebecca Lave and Sara Wylie; Series designer: Kyala Shea; Website design and development: Shaquilla Singh
Updated: September 15 2017The September-December issue of Tecnologia e Sociedade, the journal of the Brazilian Association for the Social Studies of Science and Technology (ESOCITE-BR), is now out!
The journal is open access. See the content of the current issue and previous issues at: https://periodicos.utfpr.edu.br/rts/index
In the spirit of broader internalization for our next 4S meeting in Sydney, it would be great to receive manuscripts from different regions of the world. Submissions to this journal can be written in Portuguese, Spanish, English and French.
Updated: August 14 2017Intercultural Communication and Science and Technology Studies
Editors: Luis Reyes-Galindo and Tiago Ribeiro Duarte
ISBN: 978-3-319-58364-8 (Print) 978-3-319-58365-5 (Online)
This timely and engaging book addresses communicative issues that arise when science and technology travel across socio-cultural boundaries. The authors discuss interactions between different scientific communities; scientists and policy-makers; science and the public; scientists and artists; and other situations where science clashes with other socio-cultural domains. The volume includes theoretical proposals of how to deal with intercultural communication related to science and technology, as well as rich case studies that illustrate the challenges and strategies deployed in these situations. Individual studies explore Europe, Latin America, and Africa, thus including diverse Global North and South contexts.
Deadline: September 17 2017
Updated: July 27 2017The IPCC will undertake the Expert Review of the IPCC “Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C, an IPCC special report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5ºC above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty”. Therefore, it invites relevant experts to be part of the review process.
An online registration process has been developed and is open for prospective expert reviewers via the IPCC web site, registration will close on 17 September 2017 midnight (GMT +1): https://www.ipcc.ch/apps/comments/sr15/fod/register.php
Additional information on the role of Expert Reviewer is available in Annex 1 of Appendix A to the Principles Governing IPCC Work. Please also see here an information note explaining the Expert Review process: https://www.ipcc.ch/report/sr15/pdf/information_note_expert_review.pdf
If you have any questions about the process, please contact the IPCC Working Group I TSU at email@example.com
Updated: July 12 2017The overarching aim of “Structure, Agency, Biotechnology: The Case of the Rothamsted GM Wheat Trials” is to propose a way of filling the analytical gap found in the current literature by offering an original theoretical framework. This framework is able to assess both the content and context of the scientific field without resorting either to deterministic or to what theorists refer to as “conflationist strategies.” In order to demonstrate the heuristic value of the framework, the 2012 GM wheat field trials carried out by Rothamsted Research, often associated with the “second push” of agribiotech firms to bring Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) to the UK, are assessed, and key aspects of the experiment are underscored. At the same time, the broader institutional arrangements, key ideological constructs and the social order are examined, and a reframing of the controversy which moves beyond the simplistic conceptualization of it being a case of science versus politics is suggested. The volume also proposes a clear set of guidelines, which stem from the methodological and theoretical deep structure of the suggested framework but do not demand prior theoretical knowledge, which can be used by a wider audience engaged with biotechnology. This audience can draw on the guidelines either for reasons of developing a critical understanding of particular situations or for initiating the process of sustained dialogue between involved parties. These two dimensions are of great significance for practical policy orientations.
About the Author
Aristeidis Panagiotou is a researcher at the Hellenic Federation of Enterprises (SEV), Greece.
About Anthem Press
Anthem Press is a leading independent publisher of innovative academic research, educational material and reference works in established and emerging fields.
Deadline: June 01 2017
Updated: April 16 2017The AFRI Foundational Program supports grants in the six AFRI priority areas to continue building a foundation of knowledge critical for solving current and future societal challenges. The six priority areas are: Plant Health and Production and Plant Products; Animal Health and Production and Animal Products; Food Safety, Nutrition, and Health; Bioenergy, Natural Resources, and Environment; Agriculture Systems and Technology; and Agriculture Economics and Rural Communities. Single-function Research Projects, multi-function Integrated Projects, and Food and Agricultural Science Enhancement (FASE) Grants are expected to address one of the Program Area Priorities (see Foundational Program RFA for details).
Posted Date: Tuesday, April 11, 2017
Closing Date: Sunday, September 30, 2018
Other Due Date: Social Implications of Emerging Technologies - Letter of Intent required
Letter of Intent Deadline - June 1, 2017
| Critical Agricultural Research and Extension - Letter of Intent required
Letter of Intent Deadline - May 24, 2017
| Exploratory Research - Letter of Intent required
Letter of Intent (LOI) is accepted anytime throughout the year; See Part IV, A. for instructions.
| Application Deadline Dates
See Program Area Priorities for additional information (See Part I, C.).
For More Information Contact: AFRI Coordination Team
Contact for Electronic Access Problems: firstname.lastname@example.org (link sends e-mail)
Funding Opportunity Number: USDA-NIFA-AFRI-006351
CFDA number: 10.310
Updated: February 04 2016The Fukushima Effect: A New Geopolitical Terrain (2016, Routledge)
Edited by Richard Hindmarsh, Rebecca Priestley
The Fukushima Effect offers a range of scholarly perspectives on the international effect of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear meltdown four years out from the disaster. Grounded in the field of science, technology and society (STS) studies, a leading cast of international scholars from the Asia-Pacific, Europe, and the United States examine the extent and scope of the Fukushima effect. The authors each focus on one country or group of countries, and pay particular attention to national histories, debates and policy responses on nuclear power development covering such topics as safety of nuclear energy, radiation risk, nuclear waste management, development of nuclear energy, anti-nuclear protest movements, nuclear power representations, and media representations of the effect. The countries featured include well established ‘nuclear nations’, emergent nuclear nations and non-nuclear nations to offer a range of contrasting perspectives.
Updated: May 11 2015Todos os Olhos: videovigilancia voyerismos e (re)producao imagética, by Bruno Vasconcelos Cardoso, edited for UFRJ, Brazil.
Todos os olhos: videovigilâncias, voyeurismos e (re)produção imagética, livro de Bruno Vasconcelos Cardoso, acaba de ser lançado pela Editora UFRJ e aborda o fenômeno cada vez mais comum da vigilância por câmeras no espaço público urbano. Com enfoque na prática da vigilância eletrônica policial no Centro de Comando e Controle da Polícia Militar do Rio de Janeiro e na sala de monitoramento do 19º Batalhão da Polícia Militar, em Copacabana, a obra é resultado de uma pesquisa de doutorado, defendida como tese em maio de 2010.O autor, contudo, não para por aí, e analisa também o fenômeno da produção e disseminação das imagens captadas pelas câmeras privadas, como celulares e smartphones, imediatamente publicizadas nas redes sociais e nos programas de compartilhamento de imagens.No livro, Cardoso se debruça especialmente sobre as transformações na maneira como os humanos se relacionam com as imagens, com os meios técnicos que possibilitam essas relações e as estruturas de poder em que se inserem. Assim, policiamento, (in)segurança, tecnologia, imagem, comunicação, poder, crime, violência, espaço público, controle, flagrante, voyeurismo, criação e exibicionismo são os grandes temas que, inter-relacionados, perpassam o livro. A descrição rica e reflexiva que Cardoso faz de seu trabalho de campo, realizado em 2008, nos revela as surpresas, os disparates, os deslocamentos, os conflitos e os contrastes que se dão entre o projeto ideal e o efetivo trajeto da videovigilância policial em sua atividade. A pesquisa mostra também que a estética, o gozo e o prazer muitas vezes ocupam o lugar das funções de controle e segurança visados na videovigilância policial e constituem uma outra visão, denominada pelo autor de “videovoyeurismo”. Por fim, o livro mostra que enxergar pode ser não ver, e o olhar pode ser tanto mostrar quanto esconder. Ainda que transformações tenham ocorrido nesses anos que separam a publicação deste livro do início de sua pesquisa, ele permanece extremamente atual. A aquisição de um arsenal expressivo de novas tecnologias de vigilância, monitoramento e segurança (de drones a óculos com câmeras acopladas e transmissão de imagem em tempo real) para a realização da Copa do Mundo no Brasil meses atrás revela como a obra levanta e explora um campo de problemas cuja importância se intensificou. Os megaeventos são hoje uma das principais portas de entrada de dispositivos de vigilância e segurança do espaço urbano.